Malagasy is the first language, French is the business language and the use of English is increasing in many hotels.
220 V European 2-prong plugs
Remember to take an adapter. Even small lodges will have a generator and you will be able to charge your phone and camera batteries. Note that at some remote lodges and camps, electricity may not be supplied 24/7.
Mobile phone coverage and WiFi
Arrange international roaming for your mobile phone before you leave and remember to take along a charger. There is reception in urban areas and increasingly, in remote rural locations. Our guides know where to drive to in order to get reception near the parks when needed. Increasingly hotels and lodges offer WiFi services, usually in their central reception areas only.
Free baggage allowance on both Air Madagascar and Air France flights is:
Economy Class 20kgs (44 lbs)
Business Class 30kgs (66 lbs)
Always organise your packing so that you have essential items for the first 3 or 4 days in your hand luggage, as it sometimes go astray en route and may only arrive in Madagascar a few days later.
The local currency is the Ariary. Ariary notes have a metallic strip on the right hand side. While there are exchange facilities in the main cities during the working week, service may be restricted to certain hours. We advise against taking travellers cheques as this is also a lengthy process.
Ask for some small denomination notes – Ar 100 and 200 – for tips and local purchases. Remember that no more than 400,000 Ariary may be taken out of Madagascar.
While Visa is increasingly useful in Madagascar, it is not generally accepted by hotels, restaurants and shops. Where cards are accepted, the fee is often between 3.5 - 8%. Do not rely on your credit card for obtaining local currency from the bank at the airport, but cards can sometimes be useful for drawing cash from banks in the main towns and at Ivato airport. Visa is the most widely accepted card. Avoid travellers cheques.
We always encourage visitors to buy local goods as gifts to take home. There are many fine crafts people in Madagascar producing inlaid wooden objects, basket work, paper goods, objects painted with scenes of rural life, embroidered table linen and clothing, and so on. This helps to spread wealth to some of the poorest people who need it most.
Depending on your tastes, a lavish meal in the capital city can costs up to £20 per person, a bottle of local wine about £5 and a bottle of mineral water about £1.50 in a bar and 80p in a shop. A silk lamba costs about £35.
Don’t forget that in the airport departure lounge, you will need hard currency – US dollars or Euros.
There are no compulsory health requirements at present, unless you are arriving from certain East African countries, when a yellow fever certificate is required. Note that syphilis is widespread in Madagascar.
A reasonable level of fitness is a requirement for the bulk of Madagascar's national parks, including those with very high numbers of visitors such as Isalo, Ranomafana and Mantadia. To visit those you must be able to walk for at least 3 hours and you need to be able to negotiate some arduous terrain, especially at Ranomafana where slopes are steep.
Madagascar is in a malaria zone so precautions, including anti-malaria tablets and insect repellent, are imperative. We advise visitors to wear light, long sleeve shirts and trousers as avoiding mosquito bites makes good sense.
We recommend that visitors take a generous supply of wet wipes and use them after handling currency to reduce the risk of digestive upsets.
Never drink un-purified water. Bottled water is available almost everywhere. People planning a camping trip, or those conscious of re-cycling issues, should take water purification tablets. Avoid ice cream and local yoghurt. Peel all fruit before eating it.
The strong rays of the African sun can cause severe burns and sunstroke in just a few hours, so always take sensible precautions (eg light clothing that keeps you covered, a sun hat, sunglasses and sun block).
Your own doctor is the best source of precise and accurate information about health requirements and you should be guided by his/her advice.
You will need a passport that is valid for at least six months beyond your intended stay in Madagascar and must contain at least one completely blank page for the entry visa. Be careful to comply as failure to do so may result in the authorities denying you entry into the country.
British, other EU, American and Canadian passport-holders require a visa for entry to Madagascar. Visas may be issued by a Malagasy embassy or on arrival in Antananarivo, where they cost €35.
Visitors should note that where itineraries are structured around Air Madagascar's domestic flight schedules, the airline reserves the right to change its schedules without notice. In late 2017, Air Austral acquired a 49% share of the carrier and is currently (2018) taking over management of domestic flights: reports in the first half of 2018 have been excellent.
Please note that wildlife sightings/ nature can never be guaranteed. In a select few locations such as Berenty Reserve, wildlife is abundant and very well habituated. In most other locations, population densities are lower - or, they might fluctuate seasonally due to factors such as food availability and altitudinal migration movements.
Take a strong torch, spare batteries, camera, binoculars (large 8x40 are recommended), a sun-hat, sun block and insect repellent when travelling through wildlife areas. If visiting a rainforest, pack a waterproof jacket and comfortable shoes. If you are camping, take warm clothing, a towel and soap, antiseptic wipes and a roll of toilet paper. By the sea, old trainers or ‘jelly shoes’ will help to protect your feet.
Most urban centres of any size have shops, galleries and vibrant markets where a wide range of souvenirs may be purchased. Items like sunblock and underwear are difficult to obtain outside of Antananarivo, Tamatave and Nosy Be.
Malagasy cuisine has elements of both Indonesian and French culinary styles. Please do inform us of any special dietary requirements before you depart. Outside of the main centres, vegetarians may find the menu a little monotonous.
Tourists or vazaha are mostly exempt from adhering to fady, the complex system of taboos that operate in Madagascar. However, the degree of tolerance varies from place to place. Your guides can inform you of the local customs and beliefs.
Christianity and the cult of ancestors are the cornerstones of Malagasy culture. Tombs are believed to be the sacred dwellings of the ancestors.
When visiting sacred spots, ask your guide whether photography is permitted. Always ask people if you may photograph them. Sometimes they will agree in exchange for a gift or some money. Do not take photographs around government buildings or military bases.
People appreciate it if you greet them in Malagasy. Shaking hands is considered important. Dress in a modest manner to avoid causing offence. Remember that public demonstrations of affection are not considered acceptable.
A sense of adventure (and humour)!
As is well known by now, the most meticulously- planned itinerary may not operate according to schedule. However there has been welcome and refreshingly good news (July 2018 update) concerning the national carrier: since Air Austral has taken over the management of domestic flights, people are reporting excellent reliability and time-keeping.
We endeavour to use the best available accommodation in locations included in our itineraries. Please be aware from the outset that for the most part, lodges and hotels in Madagascar are not of the same standard as, for example, one might find in countries such as Tanzania, Kenya or South Africa. Power outages may occur occasionally, or electricity generators may be switched off for part of the night.
We will always do our best to have the best possible guides allocated, but it is worth noting that guaranteeing certain guides by name cannot be done - this is mostly because recurring malaria can affect adults in the tropics. The quality of guiding, while usually highly praised (just read our reviews section!), is perhaps not quite on a par with that which you may have experienced in more established tourist destinations such as Kenya or South Africa.