Tiwanaku culture existed between 1.580 BC-1.000 AD and the magnificent ruins in Bolivia are a symbol of one of the oldest civilizations in the Americas. The Sun Gate, the Temple of Kalasasaya and the Pyramid of Akapana are the sample of a glorious past.
Tiwanaku culture was agrarian based economy with an estimated population of 115,000 inhabitants. The state controlled agriculture produced the surplus wealth to support the urban centre and administrative system. They were outstanding in agriculture, hydraulic, architecture & medicine, as well as in social organization. Due to an economic crisis caused by a long dry season, Tiwanaku collapsed around 1.000 AD.
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